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Wednesday, July 22, 2020 | History

1 edition of Converting Chattanooga oil shale to synthetic liquid fuel found in the catalog.

Converting Chattanooga oil shale to synthetic liquid fuel

Converting Chattanooga oil shale to synthetic liquid fuel

  • 145 Want to read
  • 3 Currently reading

Published by s.n. in [S.l .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Tennessee.
    • Subjects:
    • Shale oils.,
    • Oil-shales -- Tennessee.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementfor Tennessee Energy Authority ; by Office of Research, Tennesssee Technological University.
      ContributionsTennessee Energy Authority., Tennessee Technological University. Office of Research.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsTP699 .C66 1981
      The Physical Object
      Paginationvii, 78 p., [5] folded leaves of plates :
      Number of Pages78
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3143838M
      LC Control Number82621389

        Chattanooga Corp has successfully tested its upgrading process (the Chattanooga Dry Process) to convert oil shale and oil sand to high-grade, low-sulfur, synthetic crude oil on Colorado oil shale. A major focus of the company earlier had been oil sands production in Canada. Upgrading is a key step in the converting the bitumen in oil sands or the kerogen in oil shale . Authors: Kraemer, A.J. Publication Date: Thu Jan 01 EST OSTI Identifier: Alternate Identifier(s): OSTI ID: Resource Type.

      Chemistry and Kinetics of Oil Shale Retorting Alan K. Burnham Chapter 6, DOI: /bkch Publication Date (Web): Febru Catalysts in the Conversion of Coal and Shale into Synthetic Hydrocarbons Article in Solid Fuel Chemistry 45(2) April with 7 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

      Shale oil extraction is an industrial process for unconventional oil production. This process converts kerogen in oil shale into shale oil by pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal resultant shale oil is used as fuel oil or upgraded to meet refinery feedstock specifications by adding hydrogen and removing sulfur and nitrogen impurities.. Shale oil . Download Citation | Synthetic liquid fuel production from gasification | Gasification can be used to convert a variety of feedstock substrates (tar sand bitumen, coal, oil shale, and biomass are.


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Converting Chattanooga oil shale to synthetic liquid fuel Download PDF EPUB FB2

Technical Report: Chemical Looping Dry Reforming for Converting Shale Gas to Liquid Fuels and Chemicals. Chemical Looping Dry Reforming for Converting Shale Gas to Liquid Fuels and Chemicals.

Full Record; Other Related Research; Authors: Srinivas, Girish [1] + Show Author Affiliations. The overall intent of this study was to identify the extent of the Chattanooga shale in Tennessee, characterize its properties, review its potential as an oil producer in terms of present-day technologies, and to assess interest in the private sector.

@article{osti_, title = {Converting Chattanooga oil shale to synthetic liquid fuel. Phase I. Final report. [Tennessee]}, author = {}, abstractNote = {The Chattanooga Shale is widely distributed in Tennessee and has been known as a potential source of shale oil and strategic minerals, particularly uranium, for many years.

It was studied in the late 's as a source of. Technical Report: Chattanooga shale to synthetic fuel: feasibility study. Phase II, final report. [Putnam County, TN]. The Chattanooga Shale is widely distributed in Tennessee and has been known as a potential source of shale oil and strategic minerals, particularly uranium, for many years.

It was studied in the late 's as a source of uranium. The shale varies in color from light gray to black. Synthetic fuel or synfuel is a liquid fuel, or sometimes gaseous fuel, obtained from syngas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, in which the syngas was derived from gasification of solid feedstocks such as coal or biomass or by reforming of natural gas.

Common ways for refining synthetic fuels include the Fischer–Tropsch conversion, methanol to gasoline conversion.

We calculate the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from producing liquid fuels from Green River oil shale with the Alberta Taciuk Processor (ATP). Kerogen contained in oil shale can be retorted to produce liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons. The ATP is an above-ground oil shale retort that combusts the coke or “char” deposited on the shale during retorting to fuel the retorting process.

Oil shale is a solid fuel characterized by a low calorific value, although its profitability is high. Oil shale is mined in the northeastern part of Estonia at a depth of 10–70 meters. Eesti Energia is the largest oil shale processing company in the world, using around 15 million tons of oil shale per year for energy production.

Oil shale can. An overview of options available for the development of oil shale and coal resources is presented. Available sources are estimated, and technological problems associated with their utilization are discussed. Coal gasification and the production of synthetic fuels from synthesis gas are considered, together with the hydrogenation of coal to make liquid hydrocarbons.

The conversion. Records of synthetic liquid fuels experiment station projects at Bruceton, PA, Morgantown, WV, and Laramie, WY, accumulated by chemical engineer Ezekial L. Clark, including records relating to coal gasification, other types of coal conversion, and shale oil, Records of the synthetic liquid fuel demonstration plant, Louisiana, MO, Coal liquefaction is a process of converting coal into liquid hydrocarbons: liquid fuels and process is often known as "Coal to X", where X can be many different hydrocarbon-based products.

However, the most common process chain is "Coal to Liquid. The eastern Devonian oil shale resource can yield billion ( X 10/sup 9/) bbl of synthetic oil, if all surface and near-surface shales were strip or deep mined for above-ground hydroretorting.

Experimental work, in equipment capable of processing up to 1 ton/h of shale, has confirmed the technical and economic feasibility of aboveground. We calculate the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from producing liquid fuels from Green River oil shale with the Alberta Taciuk Processor (ATP).

Kerogen contained in oil shale can be retorted to produce liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons. The ATP is an above-ground oil shale retort that combusts the coke or “char” deposited on the shale during retorting to fuel. Oil shale is a sedimentary rock that contains kerogen, a fossil organic material.

Kerogen can be heated to produce oil and gas (retorted). This has traditionally been a CO2-intensive process. In this paper, the Shell in situ conversion process (ICP), which is a novel method of retorting oil shale in place, is analyzed.

The ICP utilizes electricity to heat the underground shale. Hughes, et al, “Maximum Credible Implementation Scenario for Synthetic Liquid Fuels from Coal and Oil Shale,” 10th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Newark, Delaware, August 17–22,pp.

– Google Scholar. The organic material in both tar sands and high-grade oil shale has a carbon-to-hydrogen mass ratio of about 8, which is close to that of crude oil. However, the mineral content of rich tar sands in the form of sand or sandstone is about 85 mass%, and that of high-grade oil shale, in the form of sedimentary rock, is about the same.

It occurs naturally and forms when oil is buried deep in the Earth. Gas-to-liquids fuels entail the process of converting natural gas into liquid form. Shale oil is another form of synthetic crude produced form marlstone, which is a naturally occurring rock commonly known as oil shale.

Oil sand is also known as tar sand. synthetic fuel A generic term applied to any manufactured fuel with the approximate composition and comparable specific energy of a natural fuel. In the broadest definition, a liquid fuel that is not derived from natural occurring crude oil is a synthetic fuel.

Modern transportation fuels demand uniform physical properties produced from varying feed stocks with the chemical.

The promise of synthetic liquid fuel production in the U.S. is assessed. Heavy oil sources are commercially viable; liquid fuels from tar sands are competitive at current world prices, but environmental impacts need further study; indirect coal liquefaction requires large-scale federal support; direct coal liquefaction has progressed at the pilot stage, now requires.

Journal Article: Production of liquid fuels from coal and oil shale. Production of liquid fuels from coal and oil shale. Full Record; Other Related Research; Authors: Roberts, G., Jr.; Schultz, P.R.

Publication Date: Thu Sep 15 EDT OSTI Identifier: Alternate Identifier(s). Low-temperature oil shale conversion Chaur S. Wen and Thaddeus P. Kobylinski Gulf Research [:t Development Company, PO DrawerPittsburgh, PAUSA (Received 17 September ; revised 27 January ) The process approach of low-temperature oil shale conversion is focused on heating the shale at a relatwely low .Abstract.

The means by which a modern refinery operates depends not only on the nature of the crude oil feedstock (or, nowadays, the different crude oils that make up the blended feedstock) but also on its configuration (i.e., the number of types of the processes that are employed to produce the desired product slate), which is strongly influenced by the specific demands of a .A short time later Fischer and his co-workers at the KWI prepared the cobalt catalysts and established the reaction conditions that made the F-T synthesis a success.

But neither coal-to-oil conversion process could produce a synthetic liquid fuel at a .